A brief transition leads into the second part of the dialogue, in which Socrates and Phaedrus discuss writing, speaking, and rhetoric. Out of sleeping, waking is generated, and the process of generation is in the one case falling asleep and in the other waking up.
In his pursuit of knowledge, he finds the demands of the body to be a real hindrance and tries as best he can to escape them. The Forms are a sort of realm like heaven for Plato, where we commune with them as souls learning and doing the dialectic.
We forget much of our knowledge at birth, and can be made to recollect this knowledge through proper questioning.
This section contains words approx. Phaedrus has just left Lysias, son of Cephalus, a well known rhetorician and his lover, who gave a speech on love. Lovers change while in a relationship. All of what is known about Socrates is second-hand and most of it is disputed, but his famous trial and death, caused by the accusation of the Athenians that his philosophical practices corrupted the youth, is perhaps the "creation story" of philosophy.
Beautiful things participate in the Form of Beauty.
Assume that opposites come from opposites. This is what has been admitted concerning universals, or the abstract ideas that are present in souls.
Perfect or absolute equality does not exist in the world of our sense experience. It is, therefore, reasonable to conclude that souls, like the ideas that are present in them, are not subject to change.
Cebes disagrees with Simmias on one point, for he is convinced that the soul is stronger and more lasting than the body, but he is in agreement with him that the continuous existence of the soul after death has not been proved.
He tells how he had visited Socrates early in the morning with the others. He wonders what happens to the music when someone breaks the lyre and Socrates answers that the soul is actually not analogous to the harmony because harmony cannot exist prior to the things from which it was created from, and that goes against the entire argument that the soul did indeed exist before the body, which Simmias previously agreed.
Socrates is pleased to observe that they have open and inquiring minds and are ready to think for themselves rather than accept what has been told them without subjecting it to the test of reasonableness.
By having the proper questions put to him in the right manner, a person will be able to answer correctly about something of which he was totally unaware before the questions were asked. He concludes his remarks on this subject by referring again to the so-called doctrine of opposites and pointing out that pairs of opposites such as "hot and cold," "day and night," "life and death," and similar ones are not changed one into the other.
Whenever you see a man who is repining at the approach of death, you may be sure this is sufficient proof that he is not a lover of wisdom but a lover of the body and probably at the same time a lover of money or of power.
At birth, all that was previously learned is forgotten and that is why we start out knowing so little, if anything at all. In order to convince Cebes that the soul is really immortal and will never perish, Socrates reports some of the changes that have taken place in his own thinking with reference to this problem.
Or rather, is not the nearest approach to the knowledge of their several natures made by him who so orders his intellectual vision as to have the most exact conception of the essence of each thing he considers? Although he believes that suicide is wrong, he has no fear of death so long as he is acting in harmony with the will of God.
To regard material things as the cause of thought would imply that Socrates is sitting where he is because he is made up of bones and muscles rather than giving the true reason, which is that he is sitting here because the Athenians thought it good to sentence him to death.
Then, too, it must be recognized that there are different degrees of harmony, but this is not true of the soul. These included Simmias, Cebes, Crito, Apollodorus, and several other people.
He does not mean equality of one piece of wood with another or of one stone with another, but equality in the abstract, or apart from its application to particular things.
Its purpose was to state as clearly as possible his reasons for believing that the soul is not only immortal in the sense that it has no beginning and no end, but that it partakes of the very nature of divinity.A short summary of Plato's Phaedo.
This free synopsis covers all the crucial plot points of Phaedo.
Summary After an interval of some months or years, an account of the last hours of Socrates is narrated to Echecrates and other interested persons by Phaedo, a. Video: Plato's 'Crito': Summary & Concepts In this lesson you will learn about the arguments presented in 'Crito,' a dialogue written by the ancient Greek philosopher Plato.
Phaedrus Summary and Study Guide SuperSummary, a modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, offers high-quality study guides for challenging works of literature.
This page guide for “Phaedrus” by Plato includes detailed chapter summaries and analysis, as well as several more in-depth sections of expert-written. Summary. The dialogue is told from the perspective of one of Socrates' students, Phaedo of Elis, who was present at Socrates' death mi-centre.com relates the dialogue from that day to Echecrates, a Pythagorean philosopher.
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