The way in which this theme informs the play is also the key to its form, since Willy constantly relives the past through a series of flashbacks. The more fragmented and disastrous reality becomes, the more necessary it is for Willy to create an alternative reality, even if it requires him to live solely in the past.
Rather, they are harrowing journeys that get to the heart of his dysfunction. Over and over, Miller shows how Willy plunges back into the past, stares uncomprehendingly at the errors he made, and then makes those identical errors in the present. Biff realizes that success entails working at an enjoyable job, which for him means working on a farm, outdoors, with his shirt off.
Each time Willy loses himself in the past, he does so in order to deny the present, especially if the present is too difficult to accept. But these memories are not the sentimental, slightly melancholy daydreams of a contented man. For Willy, the success of that dream hinges on appearance rather than on substance, on wearing a white collar rather than a blue one.
Accordingly, the audience experiences a catharsis—the cleansing or purgation associated with classical tragedy.
Miller suggests that while Willy might benefit from sticking a toe into the waters of the past, he begins to lose his grip on sanity when he plunges in those waters completely.
From the very beginning of Act I, Scene 1, Willy reveals this tendency. Instead of acknowledging that he is not a well-known success, Willy retreats into the past and chooses to relive past memories and events in which he is perceived as successful.
He truly wants to understand himself; part of his tragedy is that he is incapable of doing so. In fact, the only thing consistent about Willy is his inconsistency. Willy is constitutionally incapable of analyzing his own behavior, understanding his character, and comprehending the mistakes he has made.
He wants to figure out how he got into his present mess, and he knows that the answers lie in the past.
He labels Biff a "lazy bum" but then contradicts himself two lines later when he states, "And such a hard worker. Miller uses the extended flashbacks to show both that Willy longs to understand himself, and also that his efforts to do so are doomed. Yet, when Biff confronts his father in the final scene, he has an epiphany, a sudden burst of knowledge: The second major theme of the play is contradiction.
The play continues to affect audiences because it allows them to hold a mirror up to themselves. Rather, they are played out as fully realized scenes, just as vital and urgent as the present-day scenes are.
The three major themes within the play are denial, contradiction, and order versus disorder. Instead Willy strives for his version of the American dream — success and notoriety — even if he is forced to deny reality in order to achieve it.Willie’s mind is the ultimate subject for the Psychoanalysis of Death of a Salesman.
The way his mind thinks leads to the problems he faces with his family and his own personal self and this is how Death of a Salesman can be viewed in a Psychoanalytic perspective.
In Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller, the conflict between a father and son shapes the overall meaning of the work and explains all of the adverse events that occur throughout. Death of a Salesman raises many issues, not only of artistic form but also of thematic content.
Dramatically speaking, the play represents Arthur Miller’s desire to modernize the tragedy of Aristotle described in the Poetics.
CRITICAL ANALYSIS-DEATH OF A SALESMAN -ARTHUR MILLER Arthur Miller (Oct Feb ) was, in all probability, one of the greatest playwrights of contemporary history He is also one of the greatest critics of contemporary American society, as his. - Willy Loman's American Dream in Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman Short Essay One Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman focuses on the American Dream, or at least Willie Loman’s version of it.
*Willie is a salesman who is down on his luck. Death of a Salesman Essay The story, Death of a Salesman, is a story that has many literary devices that help to make it the deep and riveting story that has become an American classic.
The use of symbols in the story adds to the overall effect and theme and also creates a .Download