The new nation was to have three states, each with a large measure of autonomy but with overall control exercised by Santa Cruz, now named to the office of supreme protector. The authoritarian regime imposed by Santa Cruz brought stability to Bolivia at a time when most countries in Latin America faced widespread unrest.
Later years After resigning from his post as Supreme Protector February 20,Santa Cruz fled to Ecuador from where he plotted unsuccessfully to regain power.
However, the intervention of powerful friends and relatives saved him. An important number of Peruvian politicians opposed to the idea of the Confederation fled to Chilewhere they received support from the powerful Minister Diego Portales.
Santa Cruz commanded units under both Jose de San Martin and Simon Bolivar, became chief of staff for the Peruvian units under the latter, and then was given a series of administrative assignments, first military and then, with the end of fighting, civilian ones.
In he left the seminary and returned to La Paz. During his time in Spain, he joined an American lodge that worked for the independence of America.
There is no biography of Santa Cruz in English, although his career is partially discussed in several general histories of Peru and Bolivia, most notably Frederick B. Encyclopedia of World Biography. Similarly, he promoted the guerrilla organization to sever accesses in Lima.
Flag of the Peru-Bolivian Confederation. Santa Cruz also took part in the Spanish colonial campaigns to suppress the insurrection of Mateo Pumacahua —15further demonstrating his loyalty to the Spanish Crown. Arnade, The Emergence of the Republic of Bolivia His luck ran out at the Battle of La Tablada April 15,where he was captured and taken as prisoner of war to Buenos Aires.
He came back to Peru after he was appointed as accountant and conservative judge in the area of luck and lotteries in the Tribunal Mayor de Cuentas de Limareturned to Peru, via Buenos Airesdecided to support the independence movement.
He sent valuable data on the situation of the royalist forces and helped define the plan of operations of the Army of the Andes to attack the central coast of Peru to penetrate the Alto Peru.
Sworn in on May 24,he found a country afflicted by endemic internal disorders and very near to bankruptcy.
After its collapse, he retired from public life until his death in Under his direction, they signed a pact on May 1, which named him Supreme Protector for a ten-year period. On August 23 Bonifacio and his followers assembled at Balintawak and agreed to begin the armed struggle.
In Santa Cruz was invited to intervene and, with the help of Peruvian allies, established the Confederation of Peru and Bolivia.
The union was maintained, although shakily, until earlywhen it was brought to an end by the united efforts of Argentina, Chile, and its Peruvian opponents. Santa Cruz also took part in the Spanish colonial campaigns to suppress the insurrection of Mateo Pumacahuafurther demonstrating his loyalty to the Spanish Crown.Andrés de Santa Cruz y Calahumana (December 5,Huarina, Bolivia – September 25,Beauvoir, France) was President of Peru () and Bolivia ().
He also served as Supreme Protector of the short-lived Peru-Bolivian Confederation (), a political entity created mainly by his personal mi-centre.com: Dec 05, Andres de Santa Cruz was born on Dec. 5,in La Paz, the mestizo son of a Peruvian Creole and a Bolivian Indian heiress. After receiving a Church-directed education in La Paz and Cuzco, he elected to follow his father's army career.
Andrés de Santa Cruz y Calahumana (December 5,Huarina, Bolivia – September 25,Beauvoir, France) was President of Peru () and Bolivia ().
He also served as Supreme Protector of the short-lived Peru-Bolivian Confederation (), a political entity created mainly by his personal endeavors. and Salaverry were thwarted by Andrés de Santa Cruz, a military commander of Spanish-Indian descent who proposed a confederation of Peru and Bolivia.
For three years Santa Cruz, though born in La Paz, was backed by influential groups in Peru and maintained the political union. Further Reading on Andres Bonifacio The best work on Bonifacio's life and career, which synthesizes all previous studies, is Teodoro A.
Agoncillo, The Revolt of the Masses: The Story of Bonifacio and the Katipunan (). Andrés de Santa Cruz y Calahumana (Spanish pronunciation: [ãnˈdɾes ðe ˈsanta kɾuθ]; December 5, in Huarina, Bolivia – September 25, in Beauvoir, France) served as the seventh President of Peru duringthe Interim President of Peru from to and President of Bolivia (–39).Download